Cisplatin With/Without Veliparib in Treating Patients With Stage IV Triple-Negative and/or BRCA Mutation-Associated Breast Cancer

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"Chemotherapy with/without targeted chemotherapy in treatment of breast cancer"
Age:
18 to 100 years old
Gender:
Any
Healthy Volunteers:
No
Keywords:
breast cancer, cancer
Type:
Drug study, Phase 2
Description
This study looks at how well chemotherapy, (cisplatin), works with or without targeted chemotherapy (veliparib) in treating patients with stage IV triple-negative breast cancer and/or breast cancer (BRCA) mutation-associated breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Veliparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known if cisplatin is more effective with or without veliparib in treating patients with triple-negative and/or BRCA mutation-associated breast cancer.
This study requires
Please contact for details
Who can participate?
Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have metastatic breast cancer (stage IV disease) and be human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) non-over expressing per 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)-College of American Pathologists (CAP) HER testing guidelines (0 or 1+ by immunohistochemistry [IHC]; and/or HER2 ratio < 2.0 and HER2 copy number < 4 signals/cell by in-situ hybridization [ISH])

- Patients must also meet at least one of the following criteria:

- Triple negative: histologically confirmed primary and/or metastatic site that is estrogen receptor (ER)-negative (=< 1%), progesterone receptor (PR)-negative (=< 1%), and HER2-negative

- BRCA mutation: previously confirmed deleterious breast cancer 1, early onset (BRCA1) or breast cancer 2, early onset (BRCA2) germline mutation or suspected deleterious BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutation if the classification being used is the 5-tier classification; documentation of germline test results are required

- Patients must have measurable or non-measurable disease; patients must have a chest/abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan (or positron emission tomography [PET]/CT of diagnostic quality, conventional or spiral) and bone scan prior to registration; if the patient is unable to undergo CT with IV contrast due to allergy or renal insufficiency, a non-contrast CT may be performed; all scans needed for assessment of measurable disease must be performed within 28 days prior to registration; non-measurable disease must be assessed within 42 days prior to registration; all disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form

- Patients must have adequate tissue available, must agree to have specimens submitted for germline deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing and other correlative studies

- Patients must have had =< 1 prior cytotoxic regimen for metastatic disease

- Patients must have completed any prior radiation therapy and hormonal therapy at least 14 days prior to registration

- Patients must not have received prior cisplatin or poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors; prior carboplatin in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting and prior treatment with iniparib is allowed, if completed more than 6 months prior to study entry

- Patients must not have received any chemotherapy within 14 days prior to registration

- Patients must not have received any immunotherapy, biologic or any investigational drug within 28 days prior to registration; patients must not have received bevacizumab within 42 days prior to registration

- Patients may receive bisphosphonates or denosumab concurrently with study treatment provided it has been started at least 7 days prior to registration

- Patients must have recovered to =< grade 2 following a significant adverse event or toxicity attributed to previous anti-cancer treatment except neurotoxicity which must be =< grade 1

- Patients must have a performance status of 0-2 by Zubrod criteria

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of >= 1,500/mL within 21 days prior to registration

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL within 21 days prior to registration

- Platelet count >= 100,000/ mL within 21 days prior to registration

- Bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL (or =< 3.0 mg/dL if due to Gilbert's syndrome or if liver metastases are present)

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (or =< 5 x IULN if liver metastases are present)

- Patients must have adequate renal function with serum creatinine level =< IULN within 21 days prior to registration

- Patients must have serum chemistries (including potassium and magnesium) within 21 days prior to registration to obtain baseline values

- Patients must not have a clinically relevant hearing impairment >= grade 2

- Patients must be able to swallow whole capsules

- Patients with a history of uncontrolled seizure disorder; including focal or generalized seizure may not have had a seizure within one year prior to registration

- Patients with known brain metastases must either meet the additional criteria and enroll as part of the brain metastases cohort, or else have clinically controlled neurologic symptoms, defined as surgical excision and/or radiation therapy followed by 14 days of stable neurologic function prior to registration; patients with previously treated progressive brain metastases are not eligible for the standard cohort, but may be considered for the brain metastases cohort

- Patients must not have any incidence of or uncontrolled medical illness (e.g. active cardiac symptoms, active systemic infection, etc.) that would limit the patient's ability to participate in the protocol

- Patients must not have baseline peripheral neuropathy that exceeds grade 1

- Patients must have a complete history and physical examination within 28 days prior to registration

- Patients must not be pregnant or nursing; men and women of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method; a woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation; however, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures

- No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years

- Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines

- As part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study had been entered in the system

- BRAIN METASTASES COHORT

- In addition to all of the previous eligibility criteria, patients with progressive brain metastases who do not satisfy the conditions to enroll in the standard cohort (neurologic stability for 14 days following surgery and/or radiation therapy) must also meet the following criteria to enroll as part of the brain metastases cohort:

- Patients with progressive brain metastases must have a baseline brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 28 days prior to registration; brain metastases must be progressive and >= 10 mm in longest dimension on radiographic imaging AFTER prior intracranial radiation (IR) therapy (i.e., whol brain radiation therapy [WBRT], stereotactic radiosurgery [SRS], gamma knife [GK] or local equivalent); patients must not have evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease on brain MRI or by previously documented cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology; discrete dural metastases are permitted; there must be no evidence of hemorrhage or impending herniation on baseline brain imaging; patients with contraindication to gadolinium-enhanced MRI imaging are not eligible

- Patients must be on a stable or decreasing dose of steroids for >= 7 days prior to registration

- If patient had an open brain biopsy, at least 28 days must have elapsed between biopsy and registration
Resources
Schedule
Study duration and period
Please contact for details
Recruitment period
From Sept. 6, 2016
Location
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Research Topic
Conditions:
  • BRCA1 Mutation Carrier
  • BRCA2 Mutation Carrier
  • Breast Carcinoma Metastatic in the Brain
  • Estrogen Receptor Negative
  • HER2/Neu Negative
  • Progesterone Receptor Negative
  • Stage IV Breast Cancer
  • Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma

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