Durvalumab and tremelimumab with/without high/low-dose radiation therapy to treat metastatic colorectal and lung cancer

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"Does giving immunotherapy with radiation therapy work better in treating patients with colorectal or non-small cell lung cancer?"
Age:
18 to 100 years old
Gender:
Any
Healthy Volunteers:
No
Keywords:
colorectal cancer, lung cancer, cancer, immunotherapy, radiation
Type:
Biological study, Phase 2
Investigator:
Description
This study looks at the side effects of immunotherapy, (durvalumab and tremelimumab) and to see how well they work with or without high or low-dose radiation therapy in treating patients with colorectal or non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Monoclonal antibodies, a type of immunotherapy, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving durvalumab and tremelimumab with radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with colorectal or non-small cell lung cancer.
This study requires
Blood and urine tests
ECG: An exam to test heart performance
Biopsy of tumor tissue
Study drug administration
Clinical exams
Follow-up visits
Who can participate?
Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (cohort 1) or colorectal cancer (cohort 2)

- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam

- Patients in both cohorts must have progressive disease following prior therapy; specifically:

- Cohort 1 (NSCLC): Patients must have evidence of radiologic or clinical disease progression during previous treatment with systemic PD-1 directed therapy, or have stable disease on prior PD-1 therapy (at least 6 doses) and/or have been deemed not to derive clinical benefit from PD-1 directed treatment; PD-1 directed treatment includes treatment with antibodies targeting the PD-1 receptor such as pembrolizumab or nivolumab, as well as PD-L1 targeted antibodies such as durvalumab; these agents may have been administered as part of a clinical trial

- Cohort 2 (colorectal cancer): Patients must have progressed on first-line chemotherapy

- At least 21 days must have elapsed from prior therapy (chemotherapy or radiation)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status == 60%)

- Patients must have normal organ and marrow function independent of transfusion for at least 7 days prior to screening and independent of growth factor support for at least 14 days prior to screening

- Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dl

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL

- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x normal institutional limits; this will not apply to patients with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia [predominantly unconjugated bilirubin] in the absence of evidence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed in consultation with their physician

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) = < 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal; for patients with hepatic metastases, ALT and AST =< 5 x ULT

- Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR

- Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

- Patients must have at least one lesion that has not previously been irradiated (and is not within a previously radiated field) and for which palliative radiation is potentially indicated and could be safely delivered at the radiation doses specified in this protocol; this lesion must not be the only measurable lesion so that it is still possible to determine the response rate outside of the radiation treatment field; this lesion must not be within the central nervous system (CNS) (brain or spinal cord) or requiring urgent or emergent palliative radiation given the timing of radiation specified on this protocol; furthermore, this lesion:

- For cohort 1 (NSCLC cohort) - the lesion to be irradiated must be in the bone, lung, lymph nodes of the neck, adrenal gland or liver

- For cohort 2 (colorectal cohort) - the lesion to be irradiated must be in the liver

- Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients is required; women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause; the following age-specific requirements apply:

- Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution

- Women >= 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses > 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with > 1 year interval since last menses, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)

- Women of child bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and 180 days after the last dose of therapy

- Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of durvalumab and tremelimumab administration

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

- Cohort 1 (NSCLC cohort)

- Ability to undergo a fresh tumor biopsy for the purpose of screening for this clinical trial (including able and willing to give valid written consent) to ability or to provide an available archival tumor sample taken less than 3 months prior to study enrollment (and not obtained prior to progression on a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor) if a fresh tumor biopsy is not feasible with an acceptable clinical risk; tumor lesions used for fresh biopsies should be the same lesions to be irradiated when possible and should not be the same lesions used as RECIST target lesions, unless there are no other lesions accessible

- Cohort 2 (colorectal cohort)

- Ability to undergo a fresh tumor biopsy for the purpose of screening for this clinical trial (including able and willing to give valid written consent) to ability or to provide an available archival tumor sample taken less than 3 months prior to study enrollment if a fresh tumor biopsy is not feasible with an acceptable clinical risk; tumor lesions used for fresh biopsies should be the same lesions to be irradiated when possible and should not be the same lesions used as Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) target lesions, unless there are no other lesions accessible

- Microbiology Susceptibility Subcategory (MSS) tumor as documented by either:

- Immunohistochemistry (IHC) testing that does not suggest loss of MLH-1, MSH-2, PMS2 or MSH6

- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing that does not suggest microsatellite instability (MSI)


Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study

- Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1)

- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents

- Patients with untreated brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis, because of symptoms that may arise from inflammatory reactions, and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Patients with brain metastases or spinal cord compression previously treated by radiation and/or surgery are allowed if local treatment was > 30 days ago, most recent MRI demonstrates stability or decrease in size of all lesions, and the patient has no current neurologic symptoms related to the metastases and treatment and no requirement for corticosteroids related to the prior treatment

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to tremelimumab and durvalumab or previous toxicity attributed to durvalumab or other PD-1 or PD-L1 directed therapy that led to drug discontinuation

- Prior exposure to immune-mediated therapy, except for anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 therapy in NSCLC patients; this includes anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 antibodies, excluding therapeutic anticancer vaccines; exposure to other investigational agents may be permitted after discussion with the study principle investigator (PI)

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because durvalumab, tremelimumab are immune checkpoint inhibitors with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects, as is radiation therapy; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with durvalumab, tremelimumab and radiation, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with durvalumab, tremelimumab and radiation

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are ineligible due to the risks associated with immune checkpoint blockade; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated

- Any concurrent chemotherapy, immune therapy, biologic, hormonal therapy for cancer treatment

- Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of their assigned IP; the following are exceptions to this criterion:

- Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (eg, intra-articular injection)

- Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent

- Steroids as pre-medication for hypersensitivity reactions (eg, CT scan pre-medication)

- History of allogeneic organ transplantation

- Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis with the exception of a prior episode that has resolved or diverticulosis, celiac disease, or other serious gastrointestinal [GI] chronic conditions associated with diarrhea; systemic lupus erythematosus; Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis]; myasthenia gravis; Graves' disease; rheumatoid arthritis; hypophysitis; uveitis, etc.) within the past 3 years prior to the start of treatment; the following are exceptions to this criterion:

- Patients with vitiligo or alopecia

- Patients with hypothyroidism (eg, following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment

- History of another primary malignancy except for

- Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease >= 5 years before the first dose of study drug and of low potential risk for recurrence

- Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease

- Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease (eg, cervical cancer in situ)

- Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) >= 470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Fridericia's Correction

- History of active primary immunodeficiency

- Known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis

- Active infection including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

- Receipt of live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of investigational treatment; Note: patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine during the study and up to 30 days after the last dose of investigational treatment

- Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of the investigational treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results

- Cohort 1 (NSCLC cohort)

- Eligibility for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved agents targeting the EGFR or ALK pathway; exceptions to this requirement may be considered on a case-by-case basis by the principal investigator if the patient was previously treated with another targeted agent
Resources
Schedule
Study duration and period
Treatment: Variable Follow up: One year
Recruitment period
From June 22, 2017
Location
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Contact
Christina Devisser
Research Topic
Conditions:
  • Recurrent Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IVA Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7

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