Experimental Medicine, Chemotherapy, and Radiation therapy in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer

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"Does ATR kinase inhibitor VX-970 together with cisplatin and radiation therapy work better in treating patients with head and neck cancer?"
Age:
18 to 100 years old
Gender:
Any
Healthy Volunteers:
No
Keywords:
head and neck cancers, cancer
Type:
Drug study, Phase 1
Investigator:
Description
This study looks at the side effects and best dose of experimental medicine, ATR kinase inhibitor VX-970 (VX-970) when given together with chemotherapy (cisplatin) and radiation therapy in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. ATR kinase inhibitor VX-970 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving ATR kinase inhibitor VX-970 together with cisplatin and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with neck squamous cell carcinoma.
This study requires
Please contact for details
Who can participate?
Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) including paranasal sinus cancers but excluding nasopharyngeal carcinomas

- Clinical staged III or IV disease that is not amenable to surgical resection

- Patients with primary oropharynx HNSCC must be HPV (-) according to local institutional definition using either p16 immunohistochemistry or human papillomavirus (HPV) testing

- Carcinoma of the neck of unknown primary site origin (regardless of HPV/p16 status) is eligible

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status == 60%)

- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam

- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL

- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

- Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal

- Creatinine clearance within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 6 months after completion of VX-970 administration

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

- Women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active should be willing and able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception throughout the treatment phase of the trial and for up to 60 days following the last administration of the study treatment


Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and salivary gland carcinomas are not eligible

- Patients who are receiving adjuvant chemoradiation after surgical resection of the primary site of disease

- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents

- Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to VX-970 or cisplatin

- Prior systemic chemotherapy for the current cancer (prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowed)

- Prior receipt of radiotherapy that would result in overlap of the new and old radiation therapy fields

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

- Ongoing or active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of treatment initiation

- Symptomatic congestive heart failure (requiring hospital stay within the last 6 months)

- Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months

- Unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia

- Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with VX-970, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with VX-970; these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible

- Definitive clinical or radiographic evidence of distant metastasis or adenopathy below the clavicles
Resources
Schedule
Study duration and period
Please contact for details
Recruitment period
From Oct. 12, 2016
Location
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Contact
Steffany Lim
Research Topic
Conditions:
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage III Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7
  • Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVA Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVC Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IVC Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7

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