Experimental medicine for pain control after insertion of cervix dilator and prior to abortion procedure

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"Treatment with Gabapentin or placebo for pain in preparation for abortion (D&E) procedure"
Age:
18 to 55 years old
Gender:
Female
Healthy Volunteers:
No
Keywords:
abortion, drug, pain
Type:
Drug study, Phase 4
Investigator:
Description
Women having abortion procedures between 15 weeks 0 days and 23 weeks 6 days gestational age on the day of their procedure commonly have dilators placed in their cervix overnight before the abortion procedure. The dilators are put in during a pelvic exam in the clinic and after women go home they expand slowly overnight to open the cervix before the abortion procedure the next day. This can be a painful experience and health care providers often give women different kinds of pain medicine to help them. We are interested in whether a medicine called gabapentin, which is a non-narcotic medicine, could help. Gabapentin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for prevention of seizures and for treating nerve pain and doctors are also using it to decrease pain for people having surgical procedures. The main goals of our study are to learn about: 1. Women's pain experience with dilators in their cervix overnight before the abortion procedure 2. How well gabapentin works to decrease women's pain while they have the dilators in their cervix Women who enroll in the study will get a dose of either gabapentin or placebo (a pill with no medicine in it) before their dilators are placed in the clinic. The medication they get (gabapentin or placebo) will be chosen by chance, like flipping a coin. Neither the women in the study nor the doctors giving them the medication will know which medication they receive so we can learn about their pain without being influenced by knowing which medication they take. Doctors will be able to find out which medication women got if there is an emergency or if it changes their medical care. We will communicate with women in real time overnight by text messaging to see how much pain they are having in the moment and how much pain medicine they are taking. We hypothesize that women who receive gabapentin will have a smaller increase in their pain with the dilators than women who receive placebo (a pill with no medicine in it). Our findings will help doctors understand women's pain experience with dilators better and possibly provide a new way of treating pain with gabapentin.
This study requires
Taking Gabapentin, a medicine approved for seizures and nerve pain, used in this study as a experimental medication for pain experienced with cervical dilation in preparation for abortion, or taking a placebo
Text messaging research staff about pain experience as it happens
Who can participate?
Inclusion Criteria:

- 15 weeks 0 days gestational age - 23 weeks 5 days gestational age at time of dilator insertion

- Able to read and write in English

- Active cell phone with text messaging capability

- Ride home from dilator insertion clinic appointment


Exclusion Criteria:

- Current use of gabapentin or pregabalin

- Allergy to gabapentin

- Self reported renal disease (severe impaired renal function)

- Self reported current or chronic narcotic use (typical daily use)

- Women with any issue that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with study participation or generating accurate study data
Resources
Schedule
Study duration and period
1 day
Recruitment period
From Jan. 19, 2017
Location
UC Davis OBGYN
4860 Y Street
Suite 2500
Sacramento, CA 95817
Contact
Natasha Schimmoeller
Research Topic
Conditions:
  • Abortion, Induced
  • Cervical Preparation
  • Pain

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