Ibrutinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent Melanoma
"Study treating recurrent skin cancer with experimental medicine"
18 to 100 years old
Healthy Volunteers:
melanoma, skin, cancer, skin cancer, metastatic melanoma
Drug study, Phase 2
This study looks at how well ibrutinib works in treating patients with stage IV melanoma of the skin that has not responded to previous treatment. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Ibrutinib could shrink your cancer but it could also cause side effects. Researchers hope to learn if the study drug will shrink the cancer by at least one-quarter compared to its present size. Ibrutinib has already been FDA-approved to treat three cancer types, however, it is considered experimental for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. Researchers will also perform studies on tumor tissue and blood samples to see how ibrutinib affects the immune system and how genes may affect response to ibrutinib.
This study requires

Physical exam Blood tests Sample of stored tumor tissue from previous biopsy or surgery/new biopsy Study medicine ibrutinib with water

Who can participate

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed melanoma of cutaneous primary; metastatic melanoma from unknown primary are allowed

  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam

  • Stage IV disease

  • If BRAFV600-mutant, documented refractory disease to at least one BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib or vemurafenib) and/or a MEK inhibitor (trametinib), defined as progression of measurable disease as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria while on treatment

  • Documented disease refractory to at least one PD1/PD-L1 inhibitor, defined as disease progression following at least 2 infusions of the same drug; radiographic disease progression will be documented by the institutional radiologist on two consecutive whole body CT scans with intravenous (IV) contrast spaced 4 weeks apart; if patients clinically progress rapidly, the confirmatory 4-week whole body CT scans can be withheld after discussion with the principal investigator (NOTE: patients who are not eligible to receive anti PD1/PD-L1 therapy due to requirement for systemic steroid therapy > 10 mg of prednisone, or its equivalent, may be eligible for this study after discussion by the principal investigator provided that their steroid daily dose is between 10-19 mg of prednisone [or its equivalent])

  • Prior treatment-related toxicity resolved to =< grade 1 or baseline with the exception of alopecia

  • Prior radiation allowed (no restriction on amount); measurable lesion(s) may not have been previously irradiated

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status == 60%)

  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,500/uL

  • Platelets > 100,000/uL

  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN); =< 5 x ULN, if liver metastasis

  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN unless Gilbert's syndrome of disease infiltration of the liver is present

  • Creatinine clearance estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (Cockcroft-Gault)

  • Patients with brain metastases are allowed provided that:

  • No leptomeningeal disease is present

  • Intracranial disease is controlled by prior local therapies (craniotomy, stereotactic radiosurgery, whole brain irradiation), as evidenced by brain MRI 4 weeks post treatment indicating no new intracranial disease

  • Stable or decreasing dose of steroids provided patient on < 20 mg of prednisone or its equivalent daily

  • Ibrutinib should be held at least 3 to 7 days pre- and post-surgery, depending upon the type of surgery and risk of bleeding

  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 90 days after completion of ibrutinib administration; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 90 days after completion of ibrutinib administration

  • Negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of treatment initiation with ibrutinib in women of childbearing potential (WOCBP)

  • Ability to swallow oral medications

  • Patients with autoimmune disease requiring systemic corticosteroid treatment (and previously ineligible to receive systemic immunotherapies for melanoma) are allowed on condition that they do not receive more than 20 mg of daily dose methylprednisone, or its equivalent

  • Willing to consent to allow access to known archival tumor tissue (NOTE: designated pathologist from participating academic center must sign-off to ensure "sufficient" tumor should be available for support of tumor imaging studies [multi-color immunofluorescence])

  • If archival tumor tissue from a metastatic melanoma lesion is unavailable OR designated pathologist from participating center cannot sign-off to ensure that "sufficient" tumor is available from existing archival tumor block for support of tumor imaging studies, willing to consent to undergo a biopsy to collect metastatic tumor tissue

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with melanoma of mucosal or ocular primary

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or immunotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events to =< grade 1 or baseline, other than alopecia, due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

  • Patients who are receiving any other biologic, cytotoxic or investigational agents

  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ibrutinib (difficulty breathing, lip swelling, itching or rash)

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with ibrutinib

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are eligible; unless the patient's cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ count is below the institutional lower limit of normal

  • Uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) resulting in (or as evidenced by) declining platelet or hemoglobin (Hgb) levels within the 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug

  • Presence of transfusion-dependent thrombocytopenia

  • Need for daily corticosteroids at high doses (prednisone >= 20 mg daily, or an equivalent) is prohibited from 28 days prior to first dose and during treatment with ibrutinib

  • Prior exposure to ibrutinib or other ITK inhibitors

  • History of prior malignancy, with the exception of the following:

  • Non-melanoma skin cancers, non-invasive bladder cancer, and carcinoma in situ of the cervix

  • Prostate cancer not under active systemic treatment other than hormonal therapy and with documented undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (< 0.2 ng/mL)

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) provided patient has isolated lymphocytosis (Rai stage O), and does not require systemic treatment (for "B" symptoms, Richter's transformation, lymphocyte doubling time [< 6 months], lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly)

  • Lymphoma or any type of hairy-cell leukemia provided patient is not on active systemic treatment and is in complete remission, as evidenced by positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scans and bone marrow biopsies for at least 3 months

  • History of malignancy provided that patient has completed therapy and is free of disease for >= 2 years; if patient had other malignancy within the last 2 years from which he may have been completely cured by surgery alone, he may considered to be enrolled on condition that the risk of development of distant metastatic disease based on American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system is less than 30%

  • Currently active clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, any class 3 or 4 cardiac disease, as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification, or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first dose with study drug

  • Unable to swallow capsules, or disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function and/or inhibiting small intestine absorption, such as malabsorption syndrome, resection of portions of small bowel larger than 3 feet, or poorly controlled inflammatory bowel disease affecting the small intestine

  • Serologic status reflecting active hepatitis B or C infection; patients that are hepatitis B core antibody positive, but antigen negative, will need a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) prior to enrollment (NOTE: hepatitis B antigen or PCR positive patients will be excluded)

  • History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment

  • Current life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction, which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the patient's safety, or put the study at risk

  • Received anticoagulation therapy with warfarin, or equivalent vitamin K antagonists, within the last 28 days prior to day 1 of ibrutinib; patients with familial coagulopathic diseases (e.g. hemophilia, von Willebrand disease) are also excluded

  • Subjects with hepatic insufficiency (i.e. Child-Pugh score A [mild], Child-Pugh score B [moderate] or Child-Pugh score C [severe]) according to Child-Pugh criteria

  • Subjects who received a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor within 7 days prior to the first dose of ibrutinib or subjects who require continuous treatment with a strong CYP 450 3A inhibitor

Study duration and period
Recruitment period
From Jan. 3, 2017
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Research Topic
  • Metastatic Melanoma
  • Recurrent Melanoma of the Skin
  • Stage IV Skin Melanoma

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