Study of Chemotherapy (Lenalidomide) in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

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"Can chemotherapy, (lenalidomide), stop the growth of leukemia stem cells, and prevent the return of leukemia cells after a transplant?"
Age:
18 to 65 years old
Gender:
Any
Healthy Volunteers:
No
Keywords:
bone marrow transplant, leukemia, cancer
Type:
Drug study, Phase 1
Investigator:
Description
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a type of chemotherapy, (lenalidomide) can stop the growth of leukemia stem cells and can be used to prevent the return of leukemia cells after a transplant.
This study requires
History and Physical
Blood and Urine tests
X-ray or CT scan
ECGs
Bone marrow biopsies
Study drug treatment
Drug diaries
Who can participate?
Inclusion Criteria:

- Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form

- Age greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 65 years

- Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.

- High risk acute myelogenous leukemia or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome status post allogeneic bone marrow transplant

- ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 2

- Disease free of other malignancies beside the AML or MDS for ≥ 2 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast.

- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.

- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days and again within 24 hours prior to prescribing lenalidomide for Cycle 1 (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days as required by RevAssist) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy.

- Between 6 months to 8 months post transplant

- Laboratory tests:

- Neutrophil count of ≥ 1.5 x 109/L

- Platelet count ≥ 50 x 109/L

- Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 60ml/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula

- Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal

- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3 x upper limit of normal

Patients are eligible to start on this protocol if they are between 6 months to 10 months post transplant.


Exclusion Criteria:

- Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form

- Pregnant or breast feeding females (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)

- Any level of acute graft versus host disease

- Active, uncontrolled infection are not eligible for this study

- Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study

- Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline.

- Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide

- Development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drug

- Known sero-positive for active viral infection with HI, hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV)

- Mixed chimerism (at 6 months post transplant will not be started on the protocol

- Active AML or MDS at the time of the study are not eligible for this protocol

- Not able to swallow the lenalidomide capsule as a whole are excluded from this study

- Impaired gastrointestinal absorption
Resources
Schedule
Study duration and period
Treatment: Up to six months Follow up: Every six months for three years
Recruitment period
From June 27, 2011
Location
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Contact
Christina Romo
Research Topic
Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome

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