Targeted chemotherapy, (Veliparib) and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patient With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

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"Does giving veliparib with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy kill more tumor cells?"
Age: 18 to 100 years old
Healthy Volunteers: No
Keywords: colorectal cancer, cancer, NRG-GI002
Type: Drug study, Phase 2
This study looks at how well targeted chemotherapy, (veliparib) works with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with rectal cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Veliparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as modified (m)FOLFOX6 regimen, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving veliparib with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and giving it before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.
This study requires

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Who can participate

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2

  • Diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the rectum with the major portion of the tumor intact; Note: prior to randomization, the investigator must specify and document the following:

  • Distance of the lowest tumor margin from the anal verge; and

  • Intent for sphincter sparing surgical resection or not according to the primary surgeon

  • The tumor must be clinically determined to be locally advanced stage II or stage III rectal cancer, defined as meeting any ONE of the following criteria:

  • Distal location: cT3-4 =< 5 cm from the anal verge, any N (as defined by measurement on magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], transrectal ultrasound [ERUS]/pelvic computed tomography [CT] (with IV contrast) scan or palpable on digital rectal examination [DRE])

  • Bulky: any cT4 with the majority of the untreated tumor < 12 cm from the anal verge or below the peritoneal reflection as determined by the treating surgeon, or evidence that the tumor is adjacent to (defined as within 3 mm of) the mesorectal fascia on MRI or ERUS/pelvic CT (with IV contrast) scan

  • High risk for metastatic disease with 4 or more regional lymph nodes (cN2)

  • Not a candidate for sphincter-sparing surgical resection prior to neoadjuvant therapy (as planned by the primary surgeon)

  • Note: clinical stage of the primary tumor and nodes may be determined locally by endoscopic ultrasound or abdominal/pelvic MRI (MRI is preferred); CT scan with IV contrast is acceptable provided there is evidence of T4 and/or N2 disease; clinical nodal or "cN" status for eligibility includes the total number of nodes (N2 = 4 or more) in the mesorectal and superior rectal stations measuring >= 1.0 cm in any axis on cross sectional or endoscopic imaging

  • At least two (2) untreated core biopsy specimens from the untreated tumor (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded [FFPE]) must have been collected previously and be available for submission per protocol requirements

  • Patients must have the ability to swallow and retain oral medication

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be >= 1200/mm^3

  • Platelet count must be >= 100,000/mm^3

  • Hemoglobin must be >= 10 g/dL

  • Total bilirubin must be =< ULN (upper limit of normal) for the lab unless the patient has a bilirubin elevation > ULN to 1.5 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin

  • Alkaline phosphatase must be =< 3 x ULN for the lab

  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be =< 3 x ULN for the lab;

  • Note: if alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is performed instead of AST (per institution's standard practice), the ALT value must be =< 3 x ULN; if both were performed, the AST must also be == ULN but =< 3 x ULN, serologic testing for hepatitis B and C must be performed and results for viral infection must be negative

  • Serum creatinine = 60 mL/min

  • Serum potassium, magnesium, and calcium levels within 28 days before randomization must be within normal limits (WNL) for the lab

  • International normalized ratio of prothrombin time (INR) and prothrombin time (PT) within 28 days before randomization must be WNL for the lab; patients who are therapeutically treated with an agent such as warfarin may participate if they are on a stable dose and no underlying abnormality in coagulation parameters exists per medical history

  • Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS-related illnesses) or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease must:

  • Have a cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count >= 200 cells/uL within 30 days before beginning study therapy

  • Be off all antiretroviral therapy (prophylaxis/treatment) more than 60 days before beginning study therapy, and

  • Have no evidence of opportunistic infections

  • Pregnancy test done within 14 days before randomization must be negative (for women of childbearing potential only); pregnancy testing should be performed according to institutional standards

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Rectal cancer histology other than adenocarcinoma (i.e., sarcoma, lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma, mucosal melanoma, etc.)

  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease; required imaging studies must have been performed within 28 days prior to randomization; Note: Distant clinical staging to exclude patients with overt metastatic disease is determined by CT scan with IV contrast (chest/abdomen/pelvis), with or without PET scan (preferred); MRI of the abdomen and pelvis and a chest x-ray (posterioranterior [PA] and lateral) is acceptable; (it is recommended that the same imaging tests that are performed before randomization be used at follow-up time points)

  • History of prior invasive rectal malignancy, regardless of disease-free interval

  • Cardiac disease that would preclude the use of any of the drugs included in the GI002 treatment regimen; this includes but is not limited to:

  • Clinically unstable cardiac disease, including unstable atrial fibrillation, symptomatic bradycardia, unstable congestive heart failure, active myocardial ischemia, or indwelling temporary pacemaker

  • Ventricular tachycardia or supraventricular tachycardia that requires treatment with class Ia antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g., quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide) or class III antiarrhythmic drug (e.g., sotalol, amiodarone, dofetilide); use of other antiarrhythmic drugs is permitted

  • Second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block unless treated with a permanent pacemaker

  • Complete left bundle branch block (LBBB)

  • History of long QT syndrome

  • Corrected QT (QTc) >= 450ms

  • Sensory or motor neuropathy >= grade 2

  • Active inflammatory bowel disease (i.e., patients requiring current medical interventions or who are symptomatic) or have a history of abdominal surgery that may interfere with gastrointestinal motility or absorption

  • Active seizure disorder uncontrolled by medication

  • Any antineoplastic therapy for this cancer before randomization

  • Synchronous colon cancer

  • Other invasive malignancy within 5 years before randomization; exceptions are colonic polyps, non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix

  • Chemotherapy within 5 years before randomization; (for the purposes of this study, hormonal therapy is not considered chemotherapy)

  • Prior treatment with an investigational compound being tested in this study (e.g., poly ADP ribose polymerase [PARP] inhibitor)

  • Major surgery within 4 weeks before randomization

  • Any therapeutic pelvic radiation

  • Pregnant women

  • Nursing women who are unwilling to discontinue nursing

  • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (e.g., hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) for the duration of study treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of study therapy

  • Co-morbid illnesses or other concurrent disease that, in the judgement of the clinician obtaining informed consent, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens or prevent required follow-up

Study duration and period
Total approximately three years: Study treatment 7 weeks Surgery 8-12 weeks after study treatment complete Follow- up: Every six months for two years
Recruitment period
From May 9, 2017
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
2279 45th Street
Sacramento, CA 95817
Research Topic
  • Rectal Adenocarcinoma
  • Stage II Rectal Cancer
  • Stage III Rectal Cancer

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